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Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe


Product and process development and optimization - Rapid Development

Prof. Dr.-Ing. Franz-Josef Villmer

Learning outcomes / Competencies

  • Students know about the entire development process from idea to launch.
  • Students are aware of principals and methods of time compression in development cycles.
  • Students know about physical and virtual prototypes and their application.
  • Students are able to prepare CAD data for additive fabrication.
  • Students understand different technologies of additive fabrication and are able to apply those.
  • Students are able to choose appropriate technologies of additive fabrication over the entire cycle of product realization.




No. of the course



150 h

Credit points


Time position in curriculum

3rd semester

Duration of courde

1 semester

Type of the course

Lecture in seminar form: 2 hours per week/ 30 hours in total

Practical course: 2 hours per week/ 30 hours in total

Course contribution to final degree

5 / 120

Type of examination

Oral examination


1 Introduction

1.1 Time compression policy

1.2 Definition of innovation (invention, implementation, diffusion, competition)

1.3 Product life cycles, market windows and time to market cycles

2. Strategic product planning and innovation management

2.1 General trends and policies

2.2 Innovation management basics

2.3 Product planning procedures in enterprises

2.4 External and internal issues and impact

2.5 Planning procedures and phases

3 Product development

3.1 Briefing and specification

3.2 Rapid product development procedures

3.3 Inventor driven engineering vs. concurrent (simultaneous) engineering

3.4 Engineering in supply chains

4 Product development methodology

4.1 Development processes

4.2 Product development projects

4.3 Modular engineering

4.4 Quality gates and status surveillance

4.5 Design to cost and value engineering

4.6 Engineering guidelines (design for manufacture, design for assembly etc.)

5 Rapid Technologies

5.1 History and general outline

5.2 Distinction of rapid technologies

5.2.1. Solid freeform manufacturing at a glance

5.2.2 Laser aided and laser independent technologies

5.3 Rapid technologies in detail

5.3.1 Stereo Lithography

5.3.2 Selective Laser Sintering / Selective Laser Melting / Electron Beam Melting

5.3.3 Fused Layer Modeling / Fused Deposition Modeling

5.3.4 Layer Laminate Manufacturing / Layer Object Manufacturing

5.3.5 Tree Dimensional Printing

5.3.6 Ink Jet Technology

5.3.7 Special technologies

5.4 Application of additive fabrication

5.4.1 Concept modeling

5.4.2 Rapid prototyping

5.4.3 Rapid tooling

5.4.4 Rapid manufacturing and e-manufacturing

5.4.5 Reverse Engineering

5.5 Preprocessing and data handling

5.6 Object finishing and complementary processes (e.g. vacuum casting)

5.5 Utilization of additively fabricated products (customized products, spare parts on demand, medical and dental applications etc.)

6 Overview of virtual prototyping and simulation

7. Summary and prospect


Further information (literature):

Kelley, Tom and Jonathan Littman, The Art of Innovation, Currency, 2001

Kelley, Tom, The Ten Faces of Innovation

IDEO‘s strategies for beating the devil‘s advocate & driving creativity throughout your organization, Doubleday / Random House 2005

Christensen, Clayton M., et al., Harvard Business Review on Innovation, 2001

Christensen, Clayton M. and Michael E. Raynor: The Innovators Solutions

Creating and Sustaining Successful Growth, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, Massachusetts 2003

Cooper, Robert G.: Winning at New Products

Accelerating the process from idea to launch, Perseus Publishing 2001

Hauschildt, Jürgen, Innovation Management, Vahlen 2004
Gebhardt, Andreas, Rapid Prototyping. Rapid Tooling. Rapid Manufacturing , 3rd edition, Hanser 2007

Chua Chee, K. et. al., Rapid Prototyping: Principles and Applications, 2nd edition., 2003







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